What is food poisoning?
Food poisoning is a condition caused by the consumption of food or drink contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria , viruses or parasites .
In summer, due to high temperatures , such microorganisms multiply very quickly perishable foods , and how the temptation to yield to temptation and buy from vendors such foods as donuts , corn, grilled fish or skewer assorted chicken and vegetables is very high risk of consuming a contaminated product rises considerably.
The increased risk of contamination is mainly caused by improper hygiene conditions , cooking , improper food storage and preservation .
Food poisoning symptoms:
Children and the elderly are most frequently affected by food poisoning, but also pregnant women, people with chronic diseases and those associated with weakened immune systems are at risk.
The main symptom occurs in food poisoning are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
The intensity of these symptoms can vary from case to case, taking into account factors such as age, general health condition and the type of organism causing the infection.
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Symptoms that should send you to the doctor:
Usually, food poisoning do not persist for more than 2-3 days and the symptoms gradually disappear. There are also cases of severe food poisoning, manifested by severe symptoms that should alarm you and to send you emergency doctor.
Here are some of the symptoms of severe food poisoning:
-Severe dehydration as a result of persistent diarrhea
-Muscle weakness, fatigue, dizziness, blurred vision
-Abdominal pain that intensifies during driving
-Low blood pressure and fainting
-Rapid heartbeat, lack or insufficient amount of urine output due to severe dehydration
What treatment we can use to quickly recover after food poisoning?
If food poisoning cases it is good to be adequately hydrated because we lose many minerals through vomiting and diarrhea. Also, bed rest is indicated. Avoid drinking carbonated drinks, fruit juice, fatty or spicy foods. Medical consultation is mandatory if the vomiting lasts more than a day or if the diarrhea persists for more than 2-3 days (adults) and less than a day in young children.
What diet is recommended?
During this time it is good to have a strict diet consisting of bread, rice, white flour based crackers or pretzels, cooked chicken meat, yogurt, bananas, and less fruits and vegetables or other foods that could aggravate food poisoning. At least three days after symptoms it is better not to drink milk, alcohol, coffee, sweets or spicy foods.